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Liberation technology May 4, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 2:59 pm

Hello

As usual let consider definitions of the “Liberation technology” in order to understand following. Liberation technology is any information and communication technology (ICT) that can expand political, social, and economic freedom. According to article “Liberation Technology and Digital Activism” we can see that in the contemporary era, it means essentially the modern, interrelated forms of digital ICT. In the aspect we can separate modern devices like the computer, the Internet, the mobile phone, and countless innovative applications for them, including “new social media” such as Facebook and Twitter. Also we can understand with help of the article that liberation technology as having a certain overlap with digital activism in campaigns that support the values of freedom, but there are important distinctions. Digital activism is defined as the practice of using digital technology to increase the effectiveness of a social or political change campaigns. (www.meta-activism.org/2010/08/liberation-technology/)

According to the article “Liberation technology: dreams, politics, history” we can see perfect epigraph which reflect main idea. In the epigraph described innovation commitment to new cyber and social technologies “The doctrinal commitment to new cyber and social technologies as a means of solving political problems needs to learn from the past and take a more realistic view, says Armine Ishkanian”. In the article “Liberation technology: dreams, politics, history” the author Armine Ishkania attempt to give explanation, how at the present time people are developing some arguments about the power and authority of new information and communication technologies for development (NICT4D). The main idea of NUTC4D can be construed as dealing with applications in developing countries and with underprivileged populations around the world. The new tools and technologies certainly provide unprecedented means of connecting and coordinating. This sphere of development is becoming recognized as a research area which can be a big amount of conferences and publications. A good example of the impact on development includes mobile telecommunications and radio broadcasting fighting political corruption in Burundi. Also as we know Hillary Clinton, person who provided defining the internet as the “public space of the 21st century”. She commits to supporting the struggle for internet freedom through investing in the cutting edge [technologies] because we know that repressive governments are constantly innovating their methods of oppression and we intend to stay ahead of them. She also makes a comparison between the struggle for internet freedom today.

Also very important aspect wrote James Ferguson. he wrote about the failures of many development interventions, argues that problems often arise because development agencies implement technical solutions to problems while ignoring the political and structural dimensions which cause those problems.

According to the article “Is Ushahidi a Liberation Technology?” Professor Larry Diamond, one of my dissertation advisers, recently published a piece on “Liberation Technology”. Larry recently set up the Program on Liberation Technology at Stanford University together with colleagues Joshua Cohen and Terry Winograd to catalyze more rigorous, applied research on the role of technology in repressive environments—both in terms of liberation and repression. (http://irevolution.net/2010/08/08/ushahidi-liberation-tech/). In addition, as its name implies, liberation technology takes the applications and devices of digital activism . “the technology itself  – as the the lens” through which this phenomena is viewed. The investment of money and empowered enthusiasm in the new technologies will likely guarantee a continuation and increase of programmes aimed at spreading digital technology around the globe.

 

BarCamp April 25, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 5:25 pm

First of all I would like to describe the definition and what is BarCamp.

According to the courses we can say with confidence that BarCamp is an international network of user-generated conferences. People are open, participatory workshop-events, whose content is provided by participants. According to the gistory of Bar Camp,tThe first BarCamps focused on early-stage web applications, and were related to open source technologies, social protocols, and open data formats. The format has also been used for a variety of other topics, including public transit, health care, and political organizing.

At now we have to look at deep in history of BarCamp. According to many articles we can say that the name BarCamp is a playful allusion to the event’s origins, with reference to the programmer slang term. BarCamp arose as an open-to-the-public alternative to “Foo Camp”, which is an annual invitation-only participant-driven conference hosted by Tim O’Reilly.

We divide on two main part in history of Bar Camp. The first BarCamp was held in Palo Alto, California, from August 19–21, 2005, in the offices of Socialtext. It was organized in less than one week, from concept to event, with 200 attendees. Since then, BarCamps have been held in over 350 cities around the world, in North America, South America, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, Australasia and Asia. To mark the first anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampEarth was held in multiple locations worldwide on August 25–27, 2006.

The second anniversary of BarCamp, BarCampBlock, was held in Palo Alto at the original location, but also over a three block radius on August 18–19, 2007, and was attended by over 800 people. The largest recorded BarCamp happened in February 2011 with over 4700 confirmed registered attendees in Yangon, Myanmar (Burma). The previous year (January 2010) BarCamp Yangon attracted over 2700 attendees (confirmed with registration forms) Barcamp Yangon in Global Voices.

In Almaty BarCamp was in April 15-17. It was tree incredible days. First of all we have to mention that this BarCamp Central Asia 2011 was forth educational conference for New Media professionals. The next what we have to mention that in the event was unbelievable many people. People who attended were journalists, bloggers, media specialists, programmers, IT masters, web-developers and those, who are somehow devoted to Internet development. A lot of students from different universities went to Bar Camp. Many students presented their project. For example the project “Virtual Dressing Room” was presented tree students from local university. The project is about 3D Customization. It was very fascinating in terms of market innovation.

One of the important aspects, that a major partner sponsoring the event was Kazakhstan degree-granting institute of management, economics, and strategic research (KIMEP). We can say more, that KIMEP provided Bar Camp not first year. As usually the event was prepared very good as technical side, as volunteers who proved perfect careful about guest. Students who interested in media sphere participated like volunteers. This year took part about 1500 participants from Central Asia, and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS countries). In addition in this year were noted East and West Europe BarCamp Central Asia 2011. One very interesting and important fact that, according to many articles and statistics we can say that, people attended twice more than in 2010.

What other that we have to mention it is guests and partners of the conference. Among guests and partners were international and local. Among guests and partners of the conference there are representatives a lot of international companies. These companies like Opera Software, Microsoft, Google, 188, Dialog Innovations GmbH, Doctor Web, Notamedia, StartUpPoint.ru, WebProjects.ru and Yandex. And local companies were GSM Kazakhstan, it is Kcell.

Every from the list companies prepared presentation about their innovation in media surroundings. For example, according to news Microsoft presented its new Internet Explorer 9 and briefed on its capabilities. Yandex presented capabilities of API Yandex. The API allows developers to create applications which interact directly with the Yandex contextual advertising service. Besides, participants were offered a lot of expert advice on promotion of goods and services through social

networks and on launching Internet-based projects. Companies provided a lot of advertising’s product, for example: pens, posters, note books, T-Shirts and Doctor Web provided network security cards absolutely free on six month.

According to news, the conference also was supported by high scale non-governmental organizations, foundations and educational projects such as Soros Foundation Kyrgyzstan, “Minber” Foundation, Internews Network, citizen media projects Neweurasia.net and Global Voices Online, Frontline Defenders, Tactical Technology Collective, etc.

In the BarCamp Kazakhstan’s Prime Minister Karim Massimov expressed confidence that the event will facilitate development of the Kazakh sector of the Web. “A warm welcome to all the participants of BarCamp Central Asia 2011. I am confident this event will benefit Kaznet development», he wrote on his Twitter account.

In conclusion, Bar Camp 2011 was perfect. The event provided opportunity for many stidents and people who interested in innovation in  media sphere.

 

The Immigrant Rights Movement on the Net April 11, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 3:56 pm

This article describes situation about migrant rights movement through the hard work of hundreds of organizations. I understand this like a very big business. Online video and social networking sites are big business. For example YouTube was famously acquired by Google for $1.6 billion, kicking off the newest round of venture capital frenzy around online video. I additional they also replicate the structural inequalities of race, class, and gender present throughout the media industry as a whole, both in representation and employment practices.

One of the risky and aggressive place was the Macarthur Park. The place is near to the West of Los Angeles. In fact this park was the danger zone of drug dealers, sex workers and general radicalized urban chaos. One recent example of the mobilization of autonomous communication infrastructure in support of the immigrant rights movement

 

I can say that many aspects of the author’s ideas about the internet and social movements are good. As audiences for traditional mass media, and this is TV and newspapers especially, continue to shrink and fragment, the media industry is increasingly turning to new business models. According to the article  that either entirely or partially rely on capturing revenue from the monetization of user generated content and social networking labor. Movement appropriation of commercial “social media” sites can certainly be an effective visibility strategy, but activists need to clearly understand what else their participation in these sites produces.

 

 

Morozon vs. Shirky – internet freedom March 9, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 10:14 am

First of all we have to understand definition of the phrase internet freedom and what is internet controling. The international meaning Internet censorship is control or suppression of the publishing or accessing of information on the Internet. The legal issues are similar to offline censorship.  We have two incredible interesting presentation on the topic, the first speaker is Evgeny Morozov and  the second speaker is Clay Shirky. So, Clay Shirkey and Evgeny Morozov, in their speeches discuss this topic, and both of them have totally different opinions about Internet freedom.

One of the main question of the presentations was that proclaiming Internet freedom to be a new priority for American foreign policy. Morozov considered himself as pessimist about Internet freedom, while Clay Shirkey supports like idea of Internet freedom, totally different opinions.  Evgeny Morozov considers that internet freedom in not good idea and it can be collapse. Clay Shirky conseders the problem like this, “social media” is just a tool that people use to coordinate. So, saying that people want a revolution because of “social media” is akin to saying that people want a revolution because of the telephone. Fair enough and – hold your breath!

According to the speech of Evgeny Morozov, he thinks that this is a very sly recasting of the terms of the debate on Clay’s part. The debate about the Internet’s impact on democratization has never been about social media only. For example, the impact of social media on social mobilization plays a very minor part in my overall argument. He is much more interested in understanding the long-term impact of new technologies on authoritarianism and here I also have to consider how it may boost their attempts at surveillance, propaganda, censorship and even the trivialization of public discourse. While Clay finished yours speech words “How can we make best use of this media? Even though it means changing the way we’ve always done it.”

 

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s Speech on Internet Freedom February 24, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 5:08 am

Hello! Today we discuss about one interesting and attractive thing which was February 15, 2011. Reason of the discussion was about Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s Speech on Internet Freedom. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton gave a speech about Internet Freedom. In The George Washington University on Internet freedom, Clinton pointed out that Egypt’s efforts to control the protests of its citizens by cutting their lines of communication ultimately failed.

We can say with confidence that everyone who has possibilities to work with computer can understand term “Internet Freedom”. Of course, we can be sure that people, users needed in freedom on using internet, as we live in the freedom world. Chinese authorities have brushed off U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s speech urging governments to end Internet censorship. She warned that countries such as China that censor the Internet risk going the same way as Egypt and Tunisia, where pro-democracy protests organized via social media sites and brought down governments. In the United States on Tuesday, Clinton pointed out the role that Twitter, Facebook and other social networks played in uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt.

We can say with confidence that we have to consider them one by one. Hillary stated that “Without security, liberty is fragile. Without liberty, security is oppressive.” We cannot prove that the internet has become the public space of the 21st century. Hillary Clinton recommend to protect human righs online as they do offline.

According to the Hillary Clinton’s speech “I think the caveat we have to remember is that the Internet is not a panacea in itself,” Bandurski noted. “It is an important tool but we cannot over play the role of the Internet in isolation. How things will play in China is difficult to say. It is true it is an important tool for mobilizing around all sorts of issues in China.” We can see her firm resolution. speech on Internet freedom followed a similar one made by Clinton just over a year ago in which she discussed free speech online and the reported attempts by China to hack into Google and other companies to spy on human rights activists.

Let think about it…

Others news about the topic on the links:

http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-20032210-38.html

http://www.voanews.com/english/news/China-Likely-to-Ignore-Clintons-Internet-Freedom-Speech-116302004.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2010/jan/21/hillary-clinton-internet-censorship-google

 

Mobile Social NetWorks February 17, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 4:55 am

In now day we can say with confidence that technical advances of the internet and mobile technologies have promoted new forms of social communication. This type of comversation allow the maintenance of large distributed networks of contacts.

First of all we have to understand definition of Mobile Social NetWorks. Mobile social networking is social networking where one or more individuals of similar interests or commonalities, conversing and connecting with one another using the mobile phone. Today ti is not a secret that the convergence of computer and mobile networks is evident in the evolution of the mobile phone that was born as a communication medium to become a “portable multimedia computer.”

According to the article “Mobile social networks in theory and practice” we have statistik about mobile networking. You can see a table with graph and hours analysis. This is table of distribution of communication per hour of the day. As we can see according to the analysis of the mobile dataset revealed that most communication occurred between 1 and 2 p.m. and between 6 and 9 p.m. and also we see that no calls or messages were placed or sent between 6 and 8 a.m. Individually, people often placed calls in the same hours during weekdays, but with different patterns during the weekend. Communication activity was low during working hours (8–12 a.m. and 2–6 p.m.). The participants reported having placed calls or sent messages when ending an activity or when they were about to move to another location.

We discribed what is mobile socila networking in our world, and in conclusion we would like to say that “A social network consists of a finite set or sets of actors and the relation or relations defined on them.”According to Wasserman and Faust, “the presence of relational information is a critical and defining feature of a social network.” As several types of relations connecting individuals can be identified, social networks are inherently multidimensional.Mobile Social NetWorking is produced a number of relevant social consequences: among them, the fading boundaries between public and private sphere, the changing perception and use of time and the coordination of everyday life…

More information on the article: http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2232/2050

 

draft tweeter February 8, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — zharinov @ 5:18 am

New Information Technologies

Examination of Social Network Sites

 

 

Twitter- is a social networking and micro blogging service that allows giving opportunity to produce text-bases and to write short messages.

 

According to the ‘SNS’ we can say that Twitter is construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system. People create own account for communication, advertisement and works. Moreover we can find interesting information which we needed in order to be informed. But it is not all, we also can say with confidence that Twitter is a lit of other users with whom they share a connection. In addition according to the article SNS Twitter is view and traverse list of connection and those made by others within the system.

 

Twitter we can get design features encourage us to do things more creative, for instance, we can customize design profile in the Twitter especially for you. We can choose attractive beautiful background images, themes and design colors by selected from internet and also from application of Twitter. We can immediately see changes in ours profile until we click “Save Changes”. Profiles also have unique pages where people can “type oneself into being” (Sunden, 2003, p.3.) and after that we can admire our account every time. With help of the features Twitter nowadays get more and more social and useful for attraction and networking.

 

Twitter account as usual used for communication and advertisement. Exactly we can say that Twitter use for relationships among close friends, relationship initiation, often between strangers and friends from different countries. Also we can conversation with celebrities and find news about their lives, events and achievements. Twitter include a lot of different pages with entertainment which composed music, clips, videos and photos. And we without delay follow them. As we mentioned earlier we use Twitter as communication among different sites, for example, ‘The Facebook’, ‘Wordpress’, ‘Kontakt’ and ‘My Space’. Twitter has many uses for both personal and business benefits. For business, Twitter can be used to broadcast your affairs, latest news and blog posts.